Print this page Centuries of style The cathedrals of Britain span the millennium - from the cathedrals dating from the s to the modern cathedrals found in Liverpool and Coventry. In the Middle Ages and up to the Reformation in the s, the Church enjoyed enormous power and wealth, and cathedrals are eloquent symbols of its dominant place in British society. In Lincoln, for example, the central nave or aisle was where pilgrims chatted and shared news; there would have been an elaborately carved stone screen to separate the ordinary people in the nave from the priests and monks worshipping and singing in the choir.
The Romans started a settlement called Durobrivaewhich means Fort by the bridges, in the area of Rochester and the river Medway. William I the Conqueror built Rochester castle shortly afterto guard the crossing point of the river Medway.
The Bishop of Rochester owned the land at the time, and the Normans raised the ground up away from the river to build the first stone castle there. Only to surrender shortly after when his garrison collapsed. Gundulfthe bishop of Rochester, was commissioned to rebuild the castle while working on Rochester cathedral at the time.
His experience was quite suitable for the job, as he was previously commissioned to build the Tower of London in the s. Rochester castle continued to improve over the next few decades. Henry Iwho succeeded his brother William II, granted the castle to the Archbishop of Canterbury William de Corbeil on condition that further fortifications would be built.
As a result, the tallest of all stone keeps in Europe was erected. Crucially, due to the incredible design of the keep, a huge spine wall was built in the centre of the keep, splitting it structurally in two.
Langton made no such agreement. The outer walls were breached by royal siege engines, but the keep remained strong.
In the Middle Ages and up to the Reformation in the s, the Church enjoyed enormous power and wealth, and cathedrals are eloquent symbols of its dominant place in British society. 2. Use of Stone Ribbed Vaulting Forming Pointed Arches. The use of stone ‘ribs’ forming pointed arches to support the ceiling of the nave was an important achievement, and . Its importance remains readily apparent in the buildings which cluster the rocky promontory jutting out into the North Sea: the towers and walls of cathedral, castle and university provide reminders of the status and wealth of the city in the Middle Ages.
It was then that King John called for forty of the fattest pigs to burn the mine with such heat, as to bring down the tower of the keep. Send to us with all speed by day and night, forty of the fattest pigs of the sort least good for eating so that we may bring fire beneath the castle When the south-east corner of the tower collapsed under the intense fury of the flames, the rebels inside were able to continue defending from the other side of the central spine wall, such was the structural strength of the castle.
However, after resisting for just over seven weeks, the garrison surrendered. It was hunger that eventually forced their hand. King John was dissuaded from hanging every rebel baron by one of his captains, reminding him of the repercussions if he did so.
The Barnwell chronicler remarked: The siege was swiftly lifted. It was the main keep and some outer walls that survived throughout the rest of the middle ages.
Robert Baker of Dartford stormed the castle, and the constable in charge released without a fight Robert Belling, an escaped serf from the estate of Sir Simon de Burley, who was held prisoner there.
The revolt was soon quashed the following month. Its creation began inby William de Corbeil, the Archibishop of Canterbury, and sits ft high.
The entrance consists of a stone stairway leading up the first floor, with a set of removable wooden steps positioned before the entrance door, which could be removed in times of trouble.
The windows on the first floor are very narrow, and get larger as you go up the keep, offering maximum security whilst allowing some light in.
Inside the keep, there are three floors above the basement and a further battlement at the top, offering incredible views over the river Medway and surrounding land. It still holds water today. It also uses local stone from Reigate, rather than the more costly Caen stone from Normandy.
On the second floor, is the grandest room in the keep. At the very top of the keep are the battlements.
Classic crenellations running between each tower, offering maximum support for archers. These hourds would allow rocks or oil to be dropped through trapdoors in the floor, directly down onto enemies climbing the wall, or at the base of the wall. This is the second oldest bishopric in England, behind the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Rochester cathedral houses one of the oldest doors in England, albeit hidden from view. From his shrine in the cathedral, of which no trace remains, miracles were apparently reported of.The most important archaeological evidence for the defences of the earliest castle is provided in C Flight and AC Harrison, ‘Rochester Castle, ’, Archaeologia Cantiana, 94 (), 27– 4.
Rochester Castle, Kent One of the tallest keeps in England, Rochester Castle rises to 38 metres ( feet). Like the White Tower in London, this castle was built in the 11th century, and served as an important military stronghold.
Canterbury is a city in the county of Kent, about 85 km from London. It is famous for its cathedral, and for being a place of pilgrimage during the Middle Ages. Canterbury Cathedral is one of the oldest in England, parts of it dating from the 6th century.
At Rochester Castle a well shaft was built into the walls so that water could be accessed from each floor. Zoo The Tower of London contained a collection of exotic animals including an elephant.
Europe in the middle ages was what is referred to as a 'birth-positive' culture. That is, they valued reproduction above other considerations. Many rules, medical treatments and stratagems are suggested in the documents for encouraging conception, especially conception of a healthy child, preferably a boy.
Why were castles built? Castles were great strongholds built to give protection from enemy schwenkreis.com were often built on hill-tops that gave a commanding view all round.
From the battlements soldiers could shower the heads of their attackers with deadly weapons.