Hughes set an around-the-world flight record. During the s, Hughes began to seriously pursue his passion for flying, establishing Hughes Aircraft Company in it eventually became a major aerospace and defense contractor and setting a series of aviation records. Inhe broke the record for flying a plane over land, traveling miles per hour near Santa Ana, California. Two years later, he set a record for transcontinental U.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Howard Robard Hughes, Jr. The younger Hughes early showed a talent for engineering, and he later studied at the California Institute of TechnologyPasadena, and at the Rice Institute of Technology, Houston. During this time, both his mother and Howard hughes died.
By the time he sold the company init had become a multibillion-dollar venture.
Hollywood In Hughes moved to Hollywood, where he became known for making films that ran both Howard hughes budget and afoul of censors. Numerous problems plagued the shoot.
Originally intended as a silent filmit had to be reshot as a talkie. In the process, Greta Nissen was replaced by Jean Harlow. Several directors also left the production, and eventually Hughes took over.
The film was finally released in The shoot was marred by frequent arguments between Hughes and director Howard Hawks.
In addition, its release was delayed by censors at the Hays Officewho demanded various changes to the violent and brutal film. In the end, it was a huge hit, and Paul Muniwho was cast in the title role, became a major star.
However, most of the attention was focused on newcomer Jane Russellwhom Hughes cast as a love interest and outfitted in highly provocative clothing. He designed a special brassiere to accentuate her assets, though the actress later stated that it was never used during filming.
Paul Muni centre in Scarface AP Although Hughes never directed another film, he continued to work as a producer. The following year he bought the whole company only to sell it again in He remained chairman of the board of RKO untilwhen he left the film industry.
That year Hughes, who had relationships with a number of prominent actresses, married Jean Peters ; the couple divorced in On January 19,in the same craft, he averaged miles per hour in lowering the transcontinental flight-time record to 7 hours 28 minutes.
Flying a Lockheed 14, he circled Earth in a record 91 hours 14 minutes in July Library of Congress, Washington, D. The planes ran over schedule, however, as did his movies, and were not completed until after the war.
In he flew the Hughes XF, a reconnaissance plane, on its maiden test flight and suffered a nearly fatal accident. The Hercules, an eight-engine wooden flying boat intended to carry passengers, was not finished until That year Hughes was brought before a Senate committee investigating war profiteering.
In the highly publicized hearing, he sparred with Sen. Owen Brewster and ultimately prevailed. Hughes subsequently piloted the Hercules, popularly known as the Spruce Goose, on its only flight—1 mile 1. Always something of a loner, Hughes went into complete seclusion in The following decade he refused to appear in court to answer antitrust charges concerning TWA and thus lost control of the business by default.
He reportedly made the purchase after being told to vacate its penthouse. This sparked a buying spree that included other casinos and large swathes of undeveloped land; in the s he had purchased property outside Las Vegas, and it would later become the planned community known as Summerlin.
The manuscript and letters concerning it that supposedly had been written by Hughes were subsequently found to be fraudulent and forged. As was the case with the Desert Inn, he took elaborate precautions to ensure absolute privacy in a luxury hotel and was rarely seen by anyone except a few male aides.
Often working for days without sleep in a black-curtained room, he became emaciated and deranged from the effects of a meagre diet and an excess of drugs.
In he died on a flight from AcapulcoMexicoto Houston, Texas, to seek medical treatment. After his death there arose considerable legal debate over the disposition of his estate.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Howard Hughes was a colorful and flashy businessman and inventor who used an inherited fortune to achieve a national reputation in the motion picture and aviation industries. Childhood Howard Robard Hughes was born in Houston, Texas, on December 24, , the only child of Howard Robard Hughes and Alene Gano schwenkreis.com: Apr 05, The year brought Las Vegas good news when billionaire Howard Hughes arrived quietly and began buying casinos and real estate.
The eccentric billionaire, it was speculated, was on a mission. He would de-mob Las Vegas, make the city safe for legitimate business. Mob activity declined during.
Howard Hughes was born on Christmas Eve in into a family who ran a very successful oil tool business. He inherited that business when he turned eighteen—his parents had died the year before—and just like that, he was a millionaire.
Howard Hughes was a businessman, a movie producer, and an aviator; however, he is perhaps best remembered for spending his later years as an eccentric. 1. Hughes was a millionaire at The discovery of oil at Spindletop, near Beaumont, Texas, marked the birth of the modern petroleum industry, and drew Hughes’ father, Howard Sr., a.
Howard Hughes, Producer: The Outlaw. Billionaire businessman, film producer, film director, and aviator, born in Humble, Texas just north of Houston. He studied at two prestigious institutions of higher learning: Rice University in Houston and California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, California.
Inherited his father's machine tool company in