Alternate Sources of Prejudice While most people believe that prejudice stems from psychological sources, some other possible explanations have been identified. Among these are biological sources, social sources, and historic and cultural sources. Prejudices, stereotypes, and social-isms all are "multidetermined", meaning they cannot be traced back to one distinct cause.
A negative prejudice is when the attitude is hostile toward members of a group. A positive prejudice is when the attitude is unduly favorable toward a group. Groups that are the targets of prejudice may be distinguished by any one of several characteristics such as religion, ethnicity, language, social class, gender, physical abilities, age, or sexual orientation.
Frequently they are distinguished by specific inherited physical characteristics such as skin color. Prejudice is such a basic part of a person's complex thought process that any one of many causes may be a factor, such as a person's appearance, unfamiliar social customs of others, or even the type of motor vehicle a person drives.
As noted by Gordon Allport in his landmark book, The Nature of Prejudice, it is more likely that multiple causes of prejudice may be involved at the same time.
In addition, prejudice exists not only at the personal individual level, but also at the Explain how people may develop prejudices societal level. All human societies have prejudice in some form and to some degree. In fact many societies have multiple prejudices, such as gender prejudice against female members, racial prejudice against people of color, and religious prejudice against Catholics or Jews.
As there are many causes of prejudice, there can be many forms of prejudicial expression, the most common of which is discrimination. Discrimination is the unfair treatment of people simply because they are different from the dominant group in society.
An example would be a person, group, or company favoring one person over another on some arbitrary basis, such as gender or social class groups of people sharing similar wealth and social standingrather than on individual merit.
Prejudice and discrimination cause inequality, another phenomenon common to all societies, especially when minorities, such as people of color, including Hispanic and black Americans, may be readily identified. Racism, sexism, and anti-Semitism hostility toward Jews as a religious or ethnic group are all forms of prejudice and discrimination.
The first prejudices in human history perhaps resulted from a fear of strangers or feelings of superiority over others. As societies became more complex, due to an increase in population and in the ways to group people, such as through social classes and multiple ethnic groups, prejudices also became more complex.
The simplest, social learning theory, suggests that prejudice is learned in the same way other attitudes and values are learned, primarily through association, reinforcement, and modeling. Association: For example, children may learn to associate a particular ethnic group with . These attitudes probably develop from early childhood taking beliefs and prejudices from parents, siblings, peers and other people close to them. (Dunn 2) “Stereotypes are highly simplified descriptions of a set of characteristics believed to be typical of members of a group. Prejudice and discrimination cause inequality, another phenomenon common to all societies, especially when minorities, such as people of color, including Hispanic and black Americans, may be .
Because prejudice frequently involves multiple factors both at the individual and group levels, determining the cause of prejudice in any single person is difficult. Most people do not willingly reveal their prejudices or the reasons for them, if they are even aware of their prejudices at all. Some people may have become prejudiced through some traumatic event they experienced in their lives.
Others are simply conforming to the society in which they live, expressing the same prejudices as parents, popular political leaders, or employers. Regardless of the cause of a person's prejudice, stereotypes, oversimplified opinions of others see boxare usually involved.
A personal judgment, often unreasoned and prejudiced outlook. Unfair treatment based on arbitrary standards or criteria. A strong mental reaction to something, often causing sudden behavioral changes. An adverse opinion, often accompanied by irrational suspicion or hatred, formed towards a particular race, religion, or group.
The process by which a culture is learned, usually through the influences a youth experiences while growing up. What prejudice means To understand what causes prejudice, one must first have a grasp of the concept of prejudice.
Prejudice has much the same meaning as bias.
It is not just an emotion or feeling, a habit or personality trait. It is more an attitude that has been influenced by family, friends, church groups, and first-hand experiences. Humans are not born prejudiced, yet they often cultivate one form of it or another at a very early age.
A prejudiced person assumes that one group, usually his own, is superior in some way to another group. A person often forms prejudices in his mind before ever meeting someone representing the group against which the person is prejudiced. In racial prejudice, the groups are defined solely by skin color.Stereotypes are beliefs about people based on their membership in a particular group.
Stereotypes can be positive, negative, or neutral.
Stereotypes based on gender, ethnicity, or occupation are common in many societies. Examples: People may stereotype women as nurturing or used car salespeople as. The simplest, social learning theory, suggests that prejudice is learned in the same way other attitudes and values are learned, primarily through association, reinforcement, and modeling.
Association: For example, children may learn to associate a particular ethnic group with . The prejudice that exists today against Muslims, African-Americans, gays, or any other group is based on beliefs that are nothing more than arbitrary meanings we gave to a series of events (9/11, what we read in the newspaper, what we were told by parents, what lots of other people already believe, etc.).
People may have prejudiced beliefs and feelings and act in a prejudiced way because they are conforming to what is regarded as normal in the social groups to which they belong: The effect of Social Norms on PrejudiceAuthor: Saul Mcleod.
The prejudice that exists today against Muslims, African-Americans, gays, or any other group is based on beliefs that are nothing more than arbitrary meanings we gave to a series of events (9/11, what we read in the newspaper, what we were told by parents, what lots of other people already believe, etc.).
May 02, · Through that experience, you may dislike dark-haired people and believe they are a certain way. Another way people develop prejudice is through brainwashing.
For example, people think blondes are dumb because the stereotype presented on television of how pretty blonde girls schwenkreis.com: Resolved.