Some important causes of communalism are given below: Proponents of this view hold that communalism has flourished in India, because the communalist leaders of both the Hindu and Muslim communities desire to flourish it, in the interest of their communities.
For instance, Baroda is becoming a very large industrial centre, Ahmedabad and Bhivandi are large textile centres, Jamshedpur is a steel industry centre, Moradabad has a large brassware industry, etc. Invariably, in all these growth centres, there is some sort of economic competition and clash of interests between Hindus and Muslims.
This is so because, traditionally Muslims and Hindus have been involved in distinct occupations for their livelihood. Owing to the dynamics of growth, the occupation pattern of Hindus and Muslims is undergoing a change thereby on many occasions bringing them into conflict with each other.
Those who stayed over in India were either the Zamindars, who would have lost all their property if they had Effect of communalism in india and a section of artisan class.
The educated middle class as a whole migrated to Pakistan as they would have much better career opportunities there owing to lack of competition. This trend continued for about 15 years after independence. The artisan and craftsman were parasites of the landed aristocracy.
The uneven and combined development which occurred in India — namely abolition of Zamindari coupled with lack of adequate industrial expansion, made the Muslim artisans and craftsmen fall in the laps of middleman and traders — invariably Hindus.
Thus a clear economic stratification took place on communal lines.
The Muslim artisans and craftsmen working for the Hindu middlemen and traders. Since the mid-sixties the situation has undergone a drastic change.
Growing opportunities as a result of economic development of the preceding decade and the expansion of market for handicraft goods abroad afforded opportunities for them to come up economically.
Gradually, through generating savings out of increased wages flowing from the expanded quantum of work then available, at least a section of the Muslim artisans and craftsmen were able to work themselves into small entrepreneurs and began competing with Hindu traders and craftsmen.
Over the years some amongst them have been able to work themselves into businessmen of substance and are either running their own small manufacturing workshops where they employ Muslim Craftsmen and workers, or engage as exporters of goods to foreign countries.
Pressure On Land In all the developing and growing towns, pressure on land is very great. As the town grows, more and more migrant labourers arrive and settle down in the outskirts of the town.
Land prices go up and the real estate business thrives. What better method than communalism to throw these occupants out? Also, the newly rich Muslim class has been entering into real estate business to a large extent. After exhausting all the Muslim populated localities, they are now dealing in real estate occupied by non-Muslims.
This again provides a fertile ground for communal forces to play on. In places like Aligarh and Moradabad, this has been one of the major reasons for riots. Even in the present Bombay riots, the land factor played an important role.
Integration of the Community One of the reasons for the recent communal riots is quite baffling. The earlier aloofness from the mainstream is fast disappearing. As a section of Muslims is economically finding its bearings, it is trying to a certain extent politically assert itself causing a threat to a section of the Hindus, thereby leading to conflict of interests and riots.
This aspect is evident, if one looks at the history of Jamat-e-Islami Hind a Muslim communal organisation. It was founded in For a number of years, it propagated that Muslims should withdraw from the political activities in India — that they should boycott all elections etc.
This was based on the theory that a true Muslim society could exist only where the government is in the hands of the Muslims and as Hindus were in majority in India, such a state of affairs could not exist.
Since s, the Jamat had to change its position because the now economically assertive Muslim population is demanding proper political representation. As such Jamat could not make much head way with its worn out theories. Since s Jamat has started taking part in elections on the ground that it is the best way to forge contact with people.
Intermediate Castes The competition between a growing and declining strata found its expression in communal riots through the engineering of communal frenzy amongst the masses. India is a developing capitalist country. Full-scale capitalist development, with complete death of artisans, moneylenders, etc.
Nor has the concentration and centralisation of capital been sharp or large enough. Precapitalist relations still persist giving rise to an uneven and combined development of the society as a whole.
At many places, sections of population, who were earlier economically and politically dominant are losing their stronghold while others are gaining in strength. Clashes occur between these rising and declining strata.Apr 27, · Modi has used populism, nationalism and anti-secularism to great effect and fired up the imagination of millions looking for instant progress and national greatness.
Hindutva is now undeniably a mainstream alternative to the idea of India that most Indians grew up with. Effect Of Communalism In India.
Communalism and Politics in India | Text of the lectureI would like to put before you some propositions to explain the phenomena called ‘communalism’ and its impact on security. First of all, I would like to state that security is also a ‘state of mind’. As far as the issue of communalism is concerned, it would be surprising to know that the number of.
Journal Issue 3; India’s Record of Development and Democracy under the BJP: An Epic of Dismal Failure – Raju J Das: Sanhati strongly condemns the coordinated nation .
Communalism is affecting the Indian politics in the following ways: Organisation of Political parties on Communal Basis: In India, many political parties have been organized on communal basis.
The Muslim League, the Hindu Maha Sabha, the DMK, the Akali Dal are organised on religious basis. India's History: Modern India: Announcement of Lord Mountbatten's plan for partition of India: 3 June The Plan.
The British government sent a Cabinet Mission to India in March to negotiate with Indian leaders and agree to the terms of the transfer of power.
Read this essay on the various problems of Communalism in India! Indian society is pluralistic from religious point of view. Here, we have the followers of all the great religious systems. Hindus constitute the bulk of the population and they inhabit in all parts of the country.