These footnotes and endnotes acknowledge the different sources used in the work. When a source is used in a research paper, a roman numeral is placed at the end of the borrowed information as superscript it is smaller than the normal line of text and raised. That number correlates with a footnote or endnote.
Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers.
In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics. End this element with a period.
Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks. A book should be in italics: A website should be in italics: A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks: Title of container Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container.
The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes. The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container.
You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used. Accessed 27 May Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation. In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc.
A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc.
Version If a source is listed as an edition or version of a work, include it in your citation. Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. Number If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
Current Conditions and Future Directions. The International Online-Only Journal, vol. Accessed 20 May Publisher The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public. Museum of Modern Art, New York. Problems of the Digestive System.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators. Publication date The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source.
For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on Netflix on a different date. When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your use of it. This is the way to create a general citation for a television episode.For developing different parts of your thesis you can further read thesis statement, thesis topic, and thesis help.
Citation Rules Chicago style has two different citation rules one is Author Date System and the other is Humanities Style. Chicago Citation Style (16th Ed.) See pages (#) in the manual for more detail. Note: The examples below are for a bibliographic entry.
Harvard citation generator: Get automated help with your references. Do you know what plagiarism is? Well, it is using the ideas of other people, without citing or acknowledging their roles in the production of such kind of work. Chicago Citation Style, 17th Edition Thesis or Dissertation Search this Guide Search.
Chicago Citation Style, 17th Edition: Thesis or Dissertation. A University of Lethbridge Library guide to Chicago Manual of Style citations. Home; General Guidelines Toggle Dropdown. Notes. APA Citation Style (6th ed.) What You Need to Know: Capitalization · Same Author, Same Year · How Often Do I Cite?· URLs · Et al.
· and More! R = References / Bibliography entries. Learn the difference between a List of References and a Bibliography. Use the manual to find citation examples for less often used materials and for information on formatting papers. Located in CU Library 1st Floor.