His paternal grandfather had been born on the UK crown dependency island of Jersey. He began to call himself Henry David after he finished college; he never petitioned to make a legal name change.
Henry David ThoreauAmerican Henry David Thoreau was a philosopher and writer best known for his attacks on American social institutions and his respect for nature and simple living. He was heavily influenced by the writer Ralph Waldo Emerson, who introduced Thoreau to the ideas of transcendentalism, a philosophy central to Thoreau's thinking and writing.
In addition to Civil DisobedienceThoreau is best known for his book Waldenwhich documents his experiences living alone on Walden Pond in Massachusetts from to Throughout his life, Thoreau emphasized the importance of individuality and self-reliance.
He practiced civil disobedience in his own life and spent a night in jail for his refusal to pay taxes in protest of the Mexican War.
Thoreau was opposed to the practice of slavery in some of the territories involved. It is thought that this night in jail prompted Thoreau to write Civil Disobedience. Thoreau delivered the first draft of the treatise as an oration to the Concord Lyceum inand the text was published in under the title Resistance to Civil Government.
The two major issues being debated in the United States during Thoreau's life were slavery and the Mexican-American War. Both issues play a prominent part in Thoreau's essay.
By the late s, slavery had driven a wedge in American society, with a growing number of Northerners expressing anti-slavery sentiments. In the s, the country became even more polarized, and the introduction of slavery-friendly laws such as the Fugitive Slave Law, prompted many abolitionists to protest the government's actions via various forms of civil disobedience.
Slavery was only to come to an end a generation later when the abolitionist North would win the Civil War , Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation would free all slaves in Confederate territory.
Eventually, the 13th Amendment would ban slavery everywhere. In addition to this domestic conflict, the Mexican-American War proved to be a point of much contention. Precipitated by boundary disputes between the United States and Mexico, the war was ultimately fought in order to expand American territory—many Americans felt it was their "Manifest Destiny" to seize all the land they could—and as a result the United States gained much of the present American Southwest, including California, Nevada, and Utah.
Thoreau and other opponents of the war argued that the campaign constituted an unnecessary act of aggression and that it was pursued on the basis of arrogance rather than any philosophically justifiable reasons.
Civil Disobedience enjoyed widespread influence, both in the United States and abroad. Later, it lent force to the American Civil Rights Movement. Thoreau died of complications from tuberculosis, which he contracted inin Feb 05, · Civil Disobedience is Thoreau's primary essay on how to interact with Government.
Here the author argues that a citizen . Neither, of course, did Henry David Thoreau, author of the essay “Civil Disobedience,” a document that every student of Political Philosophy knows as an ur-text of modern democratic protest movements.
Nov 18, · Published in under the title Resistance to Civil Government, it expressed Thoreaus belief that people should not allow governments to overrule or atrophy their consciences, and that people. A summary of Section One in Henry David Thoreau's Civil Disobedience. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Civil Disobedience and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Henry David Thoreau (born David Henry Thoreau) was an American author, naturalist, transcendentalist, tax resister, development critic, philosopher, and abolitionist who is best known for Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay, Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance to civil government 4/5().
Watch video · American essayist, poet, and practical philosopher, Henry David Thoreau was a New England Transcendentalist and author of the book schwenkreis.com: Jul 12,