A Marxist Reading Horrifying, thrilling, bone-chilling: The tale of a doctor whose creation to benefit humanity turns into a horrible monster, this horror story is as much a criticism of society as it is an entertaining science fiction fantasy. The fear played upon in this work is in actuality a fear of revolution. Every literary work is a reflection of the context surrounding it, including historical, social, and economic context Rivkin
Monday, August 16, Releasing the Monster: A Marxist Reading of Frankenstein Marxism: Karl Marx possessed the notion of a utopian society in which every man would work to their best ability, therefore every man would gain the necessities for life. If every man works to their capability to produce, there will be no such thing as an inadequate worker, hence every product will be a commodity.
Human labour is equal in which it is the same kind of labour in a social respect: Although there is a diversity of gases in the atmosphere, the atmosphere itself is still regarded the same and does not alter its functions, just as humans differentiate in the work force, but the products or commodities produced still function the same and were produced by the same form of labor: Ought these to trouble us since they increase our profits?
He believes the Capitalist society and the class systems makes for reckless behavior towards the working class. The proletarian is the producer of capital, and therefore enslaved by the bourgeois to use their products for consumption.
The bourgeois are the leaders in Capitalism due to the modern industry and their giant industrial armies Marx He says this regarding his first sight while sailing through the Thames viewing the buildings, wharves, countless ships, and steamers 1.
He believes the two classes are now at war, and even further the proletarians are at war amongst themselves. The bourgeois use weaker human life to maintain their lavish existence, leaving their workers to scarcely a bare existence Engels 2.
The proletarians have been degraded to a savage existence.
If the bourgeois picks a lucky proletarian to become a worker, the wages will scarcely maintain ones health and soul, while no work leads to theft and starvation.
There is a battle against each other; every man for himself and a war of each against all 2. As well, Engels recognizes the structure of landscape in the great town.
The poor are deployed to the designated poverty area, while the rich are in grand buildings and luxurious homes kept completely separate from one another.
Now there is complete separation and alienation of the working class against the bourgeois. The bourgeois takes advantage of the proletariat and belittles them, making sure they can never rise nor prosper, for they will lose their cheap and in demand labor that is essential for the maintenance of their lavish lifestyle.
Mary Shelley published the novel Frankenstein near the close of the French Revolution. During this time, the magnitude of the starved and over worked proletarian epidemic was foreshadowed. As well revolutions are composed of new elites forming plebian masses to overthrow the old regime and gain more power to themselves.
The wretch, as well is composed of body parts from corpses. The only available corpses are those that are not protected, and those that are not protected belong to the poor and lower class.
Hence, the wretch is the embodiment of the working class rising up and revolting against the bourgeois.
The bourgeois is represented by Viktor Frankenstein who abused the power of science and resulted in creating a monster. This can be symbolized as the bourgeois created machinery for labor and abusing their workers who in turn will eventually rise up and revolt.Marxism Concepts In Frankenstein English Literature Essay.
Print Reference this The novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley is an excellent basis for Marxist analysis because of the overriding social and political implications brought forth by the characters. A Marxist reading indicates that the novel heavily plays on societal fear of.
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Frankenstein is a political allegory of the struggle between the bourgeois and the proletariat and the struggle between Victor and his monster parallels it.
May 08, · A Marxist reading of the text shows that this work is an active agent exposing and criticizing society's oppressive economic and ideological systems.
The fear played upon in this work is in actuality a fear of revolution. While reading Warren Montag’s essay, “The ‘Workshop of Filthy Creation’: A Marxist Reading of Frankenstein”, I came to the conclusion that he was correct for calling Frankenstein a middle class, but was wrong for calling the monster a proletariat.
As Victor Frankenstein of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein delves deeper into his search for the causes of life, he becomes consumed by his quest for the answer to his question as he toils over his crea.